Foreign Policy Blogs

The End of Europe? Why Saving the Euro is More of a Political Decision Than an Economic One

What does the Euro crisis mean for Europe? Will the Euro crisis lead to the end of Europe as we know it? Is Europe on the edge of being reduced to a simple historical moment only existing in history books?

These questions were fostered during an excellent conversation on NPR led by Tom Ashbrook with three outstanding guests: New York Times’ Berlin bureau chief, Nicholas Kulish; one of the top French international relations experts, Dominique Moïsi; and Italian journalist, Beppe Severgnini. The theme of the discussion was ‘Europe in crisis,’ which went further than the usual analyses on the economic and financial meanders of Europe. Dominique Moïsi was probably the most skeptical of the three as he often talked of the beginning of a post-Europe world, wherein Europe is slipping towards irrelevance. Moïsi also tackled the important question of identity. Is there such a thing as a European identity? His answer was no, as one can see the diverging national perceptions about Europe and the Euro. Severgnini was the most optimist of the three and foresees a positive outcome for the European project.

But, three points need to be addressed concerning the current European deadlock: identities, politics, and leadership.

The question of identity is one of the most contentious. National and even regional identities have increasingly become prominent in shaping individuals’ world perceptions towards a self-centered and narrow understanding of themselves. This ultimately explains in part the reasons behind the rise and support of conservative and extremist parties. The game played by national governments over the years to limit the development of a true European identity is firing back. In times of prosperity, the construction of a European identity has never fully striven, but in times of crisis, the old narrative of ‘us versus them’ has reemerged and hijacked the political debate. The notion of European ‘solidarity,’ which exists on paper as written in the Treaties, does not resonate in the minds of Europeans. This gap has become too wide to be bridged at least in the short term. Furthermore, the historical distance from World War Two and short-term/selective memories caused by the death of the last soldiers and the rise of a younger political class contribute to the fading of the understanding of the EU as an engine for peace.

The lack of leadership has had considerable consequences for driving the European agenda and boat forward. I would simply argue that the last European leader with a true vision for Europe was the former High Representative Mr. Solana. Since the Treaty of Lisbon, Europe does not count a vibrant leader neither within the European institutions or within national arenas. At the surprise of many, the President of the European Council, Mr. Van Rompuy, has emerged as one of the few leaders, the same cannot be said about Ms. Ashton, or Mr. Sarkozy, Mr. Cameron, and to some extent Ms. Merkel. Without falling into nostalgia, politicians such as Schuman, Monnet, Adenauer, Delors have been considerable engines fostering the development and construction of the EU. Current Heads of State and Government are behaving along their institutional denominations, just as a head, not leader, as they are unable to foster inspiration in their styles of governance. Short-term political decisions have become the motto in order to simply seek for reelection. True political risk and vision have disappeared from political debates. Politics as usual and lack of political will – as underlined many times by Dominique Moïsi – have killed Europe and are silently affecting the functioning of the US government.

The European project is one of the greatest political, economic, social, cultural experiments of the 20th century. The ‘idea/rationale’ behind it is more than ever relevant in this current shift of the global balance of power. Today, many Europeans enjoy a quality of life thanks to the common currency, lack of borders, and political stability that are unprecedented. The calculus of not saving the Euro goes beyond economics, but it is in fact a political decision. Either direction will have considerable consequences for future generations and the world order as we know it.

 
  • Fernando

    The elites of France and Germany are showing their will to do anything, let anyone fall to keep the Union marching and working. In fact, it is only the opposition of British elites (the City of London) that keeps GB from falling into this new empire. The nature of the eurozone is changing and will continue to change. Fiscal union is now pursued, perhaps the ECB will expand its powers, we will see. Take into account that many interests in the world want to keep the euro as a balance to the dollar domination (in part kept through military action). Europe desperately need the east. Just as before in history, now we need resources from Russia and in case the American retreat in the Atlantic to focus much more on the Pacific due to economic gravity, we will need treaties with Russian military to secure our long-held peace and stability. Russia has the body but needs a head. The head is Europe, the biggest world economy. They also need technical knowledge from Europe. The following decades may see more and more ties between Europe and Eastern Europe. Moreover, this union will have perfect situation to command MENACE (middle east, north africa and central asia). Using the Iberian Peninsula it has a passport to all Latin America and if ever GB unites more, towards the anglosaxon world.

Author

Maxime H.A. Larivé
Maxime H.A. Larivé

Maxime Larivé holds a Ph.D. in International Relations and European Politics from the University of Miami (USA). He is currently working at the EU Center of Excellence at the University of Miami as a Research Associate. His research focus on the questions of the European Union, foreign policy analysis, security studies, and European security and defense policy. Maxime has published several articles in the Journal of European Security, Perceptions, and European Union Miami Analysis as well as World Politics Review.

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