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North Korean Moratorium

North Korean Moratorium

Kim Jong-un. Korean Central News Agency, via Agence France-Presse, Getty Images

The startling agreement announced today–the U.S. providing North Korea food aid in exchange for the North’s putting a moratorium on uranium enrichment, nuclear weapons tests and long-range missile testing–would seem by any reckoning a very positive step in the right direction. The mere fact that North Korea’s new leadership is putting the immediately nutritional needs of the country’s population ahead of its military ambitions is in itself a good sign. So too is its acceptance of quite stringent conditions–not only the return of IAEA inspectors but monitoring of food deliveries as well, to make sure they are reaching their intended beneficiaries.

I have little to add to what’s being said on both sides of the question of how much hope to invest in the agreement. The PBS News Hour carried an excellent discussion of the North Korean agreement this evening (Tuesday night) featuring former U.S. ambassador to North Korea Donald Gregg and Balbina Hwang of Georgetown University. Hwang took the cautionary position, noting that the agreement does not even quite get us back to where we were when six-party talks were suspended in 2008. She worried that there is no mention of plutonium in the statements the two parties to the agreement issued, though so far North Korea’s bombs have been made with plutonium not uranium, and she was concerned about the absence of any mention of inter-Korean relations. Gregg urged her and others to look forward rather than backward. He clearly sees the agreement as quite a big deal.

So too does Bruce Cumings of the University of Chicago. In an interview with The Hindu, Cumings says that “the moratorium on nuclear and long-range missile tests is very important, because Washington wants to stop the North from working on a miniaturised nuclear weapon that could become a missile warhead.”

 

Author

William Sweet

Bill Sweet has been writing about nuclear arms control and peace politics since interning at the IAEA in Vienna during summer 1974, right after India's test of a "peaceful nuclear device." As an editor and writer for Congressional Quarterly, Physics Today and IEEE Spectrum magazine he wrote about the freeze and European peace movements, space weaponry and Star Wars, Iraq, North Korea and Iran. His work has appeared in magazines like the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists and The New Republic, as well as in The New York Times, the LA Times, Newsday and the Baltimore Sun. The author of two books--The Nuclear Age: Energy, Proliferation and the Arms Race, and Kicking the Carbon Habit: The Case for Renewable and Nuclear Energy--he recently published "Situating Putin," a group of essays about contemporary Russia, as an e-book. He teaches European history as an adjunct at CUNY's Borough of Manhattan Community College.

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