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The Russia-Ukraine conflict: lessons for Europeans

The Russia-Ukraine conflict: lessons for Europeans

The current Russian-Ukrainian conflict is a game changer for European security. The entire European security architecture has trembled as the eastern flank of the continent has been destabilized. From a European perspective, four fundamental lessons-learned can already be drawn.

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Reassurance First: Goals for an Ambitious Weimar Triangle

Reassurance First: Goals for an Ambitious Weimar Triangle

The current crisis in Ukraine is a game changer for Europe. While it has reignited a necessary public debate about collective measures to ensure Europe’s security, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO) immediate neighborhood has witnessed a considerable worsening of security conditions for some time.

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Beyond Air and Missile Defense: Modernization of the Polish Armed Forces

Beyond Air and Missile Defense: Modernization of the Polish Armed Forces

Executive Summary
Poland has developed an ambitious plan to modernize its armed forces over the next decade. The air and missile defense initiative has certainly become a flagship project of the effort, but the modernization agenda is much broader and should be put into a clear strategic, military, economic, as well as industrial perspective. The modernization process will also not be taking place in a strategic vacuum, and will therefore lead to the creation of a new Polish strategic narrative both in NATO and the EU.

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Security Policy in Eastern Europe: Challenges for the EU

Security Policy in Eastern Europe: Challenges for the EU

By Dominik P. Jankowski and Paweł Świeżak
The recently popular thesis concerning the EU turning to the South is an oversimplification and needs to be treated with reserve. Nevertheless, the interests and the involvement of the EU have been moving towards the African continent at least since 2010. This is clearly …

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The Visegrad Group: Prospects and Priorities

The Visegrad Group: Prospects and Priorities

Which group of countries can be set as an example in the security and defense field for the Central European states? It is my contention that the Nordic collaboration, based on the 2009 “Stoltenberg report,” should be and could be repeated on a V4 level. How V4 cooperation might become as effective and attractive to the U.S. as the one between the Nordic states? One should offer a set of four rules which will be called V4 four commandments: visibility, flexible leadership, active engagement and daring thinking.

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Which Way Forward for EU-Russia Relations?

Which Way Forward for EU-Russia Relations?

The results of the March 2012 presidential election in Russia were no surprise for Central European observers. Vladimir Putin, the new-old President, has returned to power and the political, social and economic atmosphere has again become tense and unpredictable. Yet the change might not be as radical as many fear. In the last few years shifts in Russian foreign policy have not been strategic, but merely tactical. During Dmitry Medvedev’s Presidency, Moscow attempted to create an atmosphere conducive to cooperation with Europe and was eager to pursue broader modernization. However, the ongoing economic crisis has revealed that Russia lacks the potential to implement any ambitious programs on the international stage. And now, Vladimir Putin will have to decide how to forge policy statements from his election campaign into real and concrete political actions. From a Central European perspective, three crucial questions have emerged following the election. First, how will Putin’s return influence Russia’s relationship with the EU? Second, what impact will that have on the potential future political and security scenarios in Europe’s Eastern neighborhood? And finally, what would a more assertive Russia mean both for the broader Central European security landscape at a time of relative U.S. retrenchment from the region, and for the prospects for sustainability and longevity of the rapprochement efforts between Moscow and several regional capitals, notably Warsaw?

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Assessing German Power: The Armaments Industry

Assessing German Power: The Armaments Industry

The first decade of the 21st century confirmed that the armaments industry has begun to play an important role in the economy of the country and performs a crucial function for the FRG. The armaments industry still serves four basic functions: satisfies the current needs of armed forces when it comes to arms and military equipment, provides the appropriate readiness of the mobilization base, conducts the research and developmental activities regarding the new types of arms and military equipment and increases the prestige of the country in the international arena. However, because of the global economic crisis of 2008-2010, when thinking about the armaments industry, it is the economic logic that is playing an increasingly important role, while the military logic is slowly loosing ground.

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Importance of Space Domain Within Visegrad Defense and Security Cooperation

Importance of Space Domain Within Visegrad Defense and Security Cooperation

Space has become an increasingly important domain within regional security cooperation initiatives. While the Nordic countries have embraced the prospect of a joint satellite system as an important tool in advancing common interests, the Visegrad nations have yet to recognize the immense potential of collaboration in outer space. Central European leaders presently face a challenge of focusing too much on the challenges and risks associated with the declining defense budgets, while overlooking the opportunities that might offer unique investments with long-lasting benefits.

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Life After Chicago: The Future of the Young Atlanticist Working Group

Life After Chicago: The Future of the Young Atlanticist Working Group

By Anne Bilala, Anna Maria Barcikowska, Jordan Becker, Benjamin Bilski, Benedetta Berti, Dustin Dehez, Hristiana Grozdanova, Francisco Galamas, Dominik P. Jankowski, Gonca Noyan, Jelena Petrovic and Timothy Stafford
Over the past six weeks, a group of young leaders from all over the world has been actively involved in discussing the …

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Energy Security in Europe: A Need for Diversification in the Natural Gas Sector

Energy Security in Europe: A Need for Diversification in the Natural Gas Sector

As the geopolitics and technology of natural gas continue to change rapidly—with such developments as shale gas production and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) transport—the European community would do well to consider the strategic value of supply diversification. Crises in 2006 and 2009, both the result of intentional supply decreases from Russia, highlight the risks of overdependence on any one source for this vital commodity. But overreliance on Russia is not the only possible source of distress for the European market: from environmental concerns to instability in other potential supplier nations, every natural gas supply comes with its own set of challenges and risks. For this reason, an “all sources” strategy for natural gas production (one that spreads the risk and minimizes the impact of a reduction in any one source of supply) should characterize the European approach in years to come.

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The NATO Summit in Chicago: A Central European Perspective

The NATO Summit in Chicago: A Central European Perspective

NATO summits have always been exceptional events. In fact, some of the most recent ones went down in history for both positive and negative reasons. The one to be held in Chicago will be no exception, especially as it will be the first NATO summit in the United States in 13 years. Central Europe, with the Baltic States included, is one of those regions in the transatlantic sphere that in particular awaits summit’s outcome. Indeed, being a hingepoint on the Euro-Atlantic fringe – with deep uncertainties about America’s long-term regional commitment in the face of politically unpredictable or military muscular neighbors – makes you long for clear declarations. Will the NATO summit in Chicago bring any security affirmations to the Central European states?

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Does the EU Really Need a New Security Strategy ?

Does the EU Really Need a New Security Strategy ?

In recent months the EU security policy jargon has been filled up with catchy buzzwords, such as ‘permanent operational headquarters’ or ‘pooling and sharing.’ Some experts even coined the latter into an ironic phrase: “you pool, we share,” which to some extent reflects both the discrepancies between the standpoints of the EU states and the challenges for the Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP). Be it as it may, these two aspects will be crucial for the future of effective common European defense and external operational engagement. However, there is one more buzzword which still has not been fully rediscovered, although it will be of even greater importance: a new strategy.

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CSDP Challenges for 2012

CSDP Challenges for 2012

The last two years were a bumpy ride for the European security policy. One may claim that the Europeans once again failed not only to convey a clear message about their security goals to the foreign partners, but also to take concrete actions in order to stave off the creeping erosion of the Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP). Do we really face a European strategic decay in that domain? Indeed, some serious doubts about this statement may be raised. Therefore, it is high time to debunk three prophecies about European security in 2012.

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About the Author

Dominik P. Jankowski
Dominik P. Jankowski

Dominik P. Jankowski specializes in the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the EU as well as Euro-Atlantic security. Since 2010 he has been working at the National Security Bureau of the Republic of Poland (initially as Expert Analyst; currently as Head of the International Analyses Division). Previously he served as Senior Expert at the J5-Strategic Planning Directorate of the General Staff of the Polish Armed Forces (2009-2010) as well as foreign policy expert at the President Aleksander Kwasniewski "Amicus Europae" Foundation (2007-2010). His publications appeared in Austria, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Turkey, and the U.S. (e.g. "The National Interest," "Armed Forces Journal," "World Politics Review"). He is deeply committed to the development of the NGO's sector in Poland. Since 2008 he has been engaged in the activities of the leading Polish think tank the Casimir Pulaski Foundation where he currently serves as a Member of the Board. He graduated from the Warsaw School of Economics, National Defense University in Warsaw and the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna. Currently he works on his Ph.D. thesis that evaluates the role of the military industry in Europe after 1990. In 2012 he became a member of the Atlantic Council’s Young Atlanticist Working Group and was granted two prestigious scholarships (2012 Marshall Memorial Fellowship by the GMF; 2012 "Personnalités d'avenir défense" by the French Ministry of Defense). In 2014 he became a member of the Munich Young Leaders (a joint initiative of Körber Foundation and the Munich Security Conference).

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